A Collection Transcribed
by Edmund Berkeley, Jr.
List of Letters
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Electronic Text Center
, University of Virginia Library
Letter from Robert Carter to Richard Oswald & Company, July 9, 1731
Robert Carter writes to Glasgow merchants Richard Oswald & Company, July 9, 1731, concerning contradictory information about his tobacco in two of their letters, a bill of exchange he has drwan on the firm, and a shipment on board the firm's ship, the Martha.
Rappahannock, [Lancaster County, Virginia]
July 9. 1731
Mr. Richard Oswald & Com
Gentlemen -- -- -- --
I have receiv'd the favour of two letters
from you with the Accot of sales of my 4 hhds tobo Per the Martha
In yours of the 28 of Decr: you give me a particular character
of them saying they were good amongst the best of any you had
in the year
In yrs: of the 11 of Febr: you acquaint me with the sum they had
yielded and tell me rather than not have of a better sort you are
willing to have none from yr friends I am at a loss how to reconcile
these two letters According to yr. Directions I now Value myself
upon you for fifteen pounds by a bill of Exchange
Colo George Braxton
which I desire yo to Answer on my Accot quick
Sales I must own as a very good ingredient in your management
and because yr Sales are not below other mens I shall not Complain I am
now preparing some tobo for the Martha Mr Cheaps
Sloop is to call here
for it in a short time I intend to be further trouble some to you b [efore]
our Shipping are all gone I am
yr most humble Servt
Source copy consulted:
Letter book, 1731 July 9-1732 July 13 , Robert Carter Papers (acc. no. 3807), Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia. Thsi draft haz been water-stained in the middle and some of the text is extremely faint.
Robert Carter generally used a return address of "Rappahannock" for the river on which he lived rather than "Corotoman," the name of his home, on his correspondence, especially to merchants abroad. The county and colony have been added for clarity.
 Richard Oswald (1687-1766) was a prominent Glasgow merchant who was "involved in West Indies and Madeira trade as well as tobacco importation." In partnership with his brother Alexander, the firm owned three ships (the Martha,
and the Speedwell
) of the 41 sailing from Glasgow in 1735. ( Devine, T.M. The Tobacco Lords: A Study of the Tobacco Merchants of Glasgow and their Trading Activites c. 1740-90.
[ Edinburgh: John Donald Publishers Ltd.] p. 183;
and "The Old Country Houses
of the Old Glasgow Gentry: LXXXVII: Scotstoun." . 8/2/2005, 10/23/2015.)
 The Martha
was commanded by a Captain Dunlop and owned by Richard Oswald & Company; see Carter to Richard Oswald & Company 1729 August 11, and Carter to Oswald, 1731 July 27.
 A bill of exchange is a kind of check or promissory note without interest. It is used primarily in international trade, and is a written order by one person to pay another a specific sum on a specific date sometime in the future. If the bill of exchange is drawn on a bank, it is called a bank draft. If it is drawn on another party, it is called a trade draft. Sometimes a bill of exchange will simply be called a draft, but whereas a draft is always negotiable (transferable by endorsement), this is not necessarily true of a bill of exchange. (See "Bill of Exchange"
in the online Dictionary of Financial Scam Terms: the Truth vs. the Scam.
 This may have been Patrick Cheap, a merchant from Urbanna in Middlesex County. (Rutman and Rutman, A Place in Time: Middlesex. . . . p. 247.)
This text, originally posted in 2006, was revised October 23, 2015, to add footnotes and strengthen the modern language version text.