A Collection Transcribed
by Edmund Berkeley, Jr.
List of Letters
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, University of Virginia Library
Letter from Robert Carter to William Dawkins, December 12, 1727
Robert Carter writes to London merchant William Dawkins, December 12, 1727, to complain of the tobacco prices that Dawkins has quoted because Carter has heard of higher ones paid for indifferent crops, and to enclose first bills of exchange. He notifies Dawkins that he has drawn on him for over £233 payable to Lord Orkney.
Letter from Robert Carter to William Dawkins,
December 12, 1727
Rappa [hannock, Lancaster County, Virginia]
Decemr. 12th 1727
Mr Wm Dawkins
I have already answered yours of the 9th of Octo br
[sic] by a
went out of this river the other day you talk very poorly of tobacco
from 8 pence to 8 3/4 pence when I am certainly informed several gentlemen
have had 9 1/2 pence for their Tobacco round & none of the most celebrated crops
either some few I hear of have had 10 pence which is vast odds to your
prices from the circumstances of the trade you bode nothing but a
destructive market there are some others that give us hopes the later
Market might prove the best & that they Expected the last Crop
would be sold off before the new came upon you who are rightest in the
ir conjectures we shall see when the time Comes. where I am to
Expect my goods you: have not yet told me Keeling
says you inten-
ded most of your Goods by Adam Graves
who came out of the Dock
The chief Occasion of this is in the first
place to send you the follow=
ing first bills of Exchange (Vizt)
Alexander Long on Joseph Adams London
£ 3: 2: 6
George Mason on John Hanbury Ditto 17: ": "
Timothy Jackson on Peter How
London 33: 3: 6
Robt Carter junr
on your self
383: 1: 5
Elias Waff on Tobe Wilks London 36:16: 6
John Heal on your self 1: 5: 3
on John & Charles Scandret Bristol 7: 7: 5
John Fitzhugh on James Bohannan London 6: ": "
These bills I desire may be received for my Credit
or if any of them are not answered to be returned protested
And in the next place to advise you that I have this
day drawn upon you for £ 233:2:3 payable to the Lord Orkney
to be answered at time & charged to my Accot I am
Yor: very humble servt:
I have no [w]
drawn Upon you for £100 payable
to Mr. John Pemberton
and Company of Liverpool
Source copy consulted:
Robert Carter letter book, 1727 May-1728 July, Robert Carter Papers (acc. no. 3807), Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia. There is a 19th-century transcript of the letter in the Minor-Blackford Papers, James Monroe Law Office and Museum, Fredericksburg, Virginia.
Robert Carter generally used a return address of "Rappahannock" for the river on which he lived rather than "Corotoman," the name of his home, on his correspondence, especially to merchants abroad. The county and colony have been added for clarity.
 Captain William Keiling commanded the Betty.
( Survey Report 6800 summarizing Adm. 68/194, Virginia Colonial Records Project, Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia.
"Vizt." is a Latin abbreviation of the word "videlicet ." "In reading aloud "Vizt." [is] usually rendered by 'namely.'" ( Oxford English Dictionary
 George Mason III (c. 1690-1735), justice, sheriff, burgess, and county lieutenant of Stafford County,father of the constitutional theorist. (Copeland and MacMaster, The Five George Masons.
; and George Harrison Sanford King, The Register of Overwharton Parish Stafford County Virginia 1723-1758 And Sundry Historical and Genealogical Notes
. [Fredericksburg, VA: privately printed, 1961.]
 Peter How was a merchant of Whitehaven (on the Irish sea in northwest England), who, with Richard Kelsick, traded with the Fredericksburg, Virginia, area from the early 18th century. "In 1745, Peter How and Richard Kelsick built a store on the corner of Caroline and Hanover streets (Lot 16). While Kelsick continued to be based on the Northern Neck, How ran the Fredericksburg store, returning to Whitehaven sometime before 1756. The store operation evidently continued, for his ships made the annual voyage into the 1760s. The property was acquired in 1767 by James Ritchie & Co. of Glasgow; but How was back in Spotsylvania in the 1770s pursuing debtors." ( Paula S. Felder. "Fredericksburg and Whitehaven Connection to English Port a Forgotten Chapter in Area's Colonial History Living-history Program," Fredericksburg Free-Lance Star, 7/2/2005.
) "He had interests in coal and iron-ore mines and set up an iron-working forge at Low Mill in 1750. Debts incurred by the forge and the decline in the tobacco trade may have contributed to his bankruptcy in 1763." Notes on a portrait of "Mrs Peter How and her Two Children, Peter and Christian," http://www.artfund.org/acq/artworkDetail4_5.asp?appref=2247, 2/22/2006. )
 James Christian was captain of the Rose,
a vessel owned by merchant John Pemberton of Liverpool. (See Carter to Pemberton,
April 15, 1730.)
This text, originally posted in 2004, was revised June 17, 2014, to add footnotes and strengthen the modern language version text.